Czech Republic

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Czech Republic

Czech Republic on the Map

GPS N49.817492°,E15.472962°
The Czech Republic is situated approximately in the geographical center of Europe and has an area of 78,866 square kilometres. It consists of three historical parts: Cechy, Morava and part of Slezko. It is a landlocked country. It shares borders with Germany (810 km), Poland (762 km), Austria (466 km) and Slovakia (265 km).

Its history is closely connected with Slovakia. They formed one state for most of the 20th century. The countries were separated and each one got its independence on 1st January 1993. However, it was mainly political decision, not the vote of people. Before Czechoslovakia, the present Czech Republic was part of the Austro – Hungarian Empire.

The population of Czech Republic is somewhat more than 10 million and the density is 131 inhabitants per square kilometre. The most numerous national minorities are Slovak, Polish and German. As far as religion is concerned, 55 % are atheists, 30 % Roman Catholics, 4 % Lutherans and remaining 11 % is divided into other religions.

The Czech Republic is the parliamentary democracy, with the president as a head of state. It is divided into 14 municipalities. The biggest city and also the capital is Prague with more than million inhabitants. Other big cities are Brno, Plzen, Olomouc or Ostrava. Czech Republic has membership in several national organizations, the most famous are EU, UN and NATO. Although being a member of EU, the currency in Czech Republic is still Czech Koruna (CZK). There is just one national language – Czech.

The highest point of elevation is the peak of Mt. Snezka (1,602 m above sea level) and the lowest point of elevation is near Hrensko where the River Labe leaves Czech territory (117 m above sea level). In general mountains are mostly situated close to the boundaries. The most famous is Krkonose. Plains create mostly river-basins. The longest river is Vltava. The climate is temperate.

From agricultural products the Czech Republic grows wheat, oat, rye, barley, potatoes, corn, fruit and vegetable and quite popular is also hop. From animal part of agriculture, widespread are pigs, sheep, horses and poultry. In the field of industry, there is mining of black and brown coal, oil, natural gas, lignite, tungsten, uranium, tin, polymetallic metal and graphite. Most of the energy in the state is made by thermal power stations (76 %), then by nuclear power plants (20 %) and just less than 3 % is made by hydro-electric power plants.

International abbreviation of the Czech Republic is CZE, the label of motor vehicles is CZ, the internet domain .cz and international phone code + 420.

External References:
The Official Website of the Czech Republic
Wikipedia article on Czech Republic
The Official Travel Site of Czech Tourism
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