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Budapest on the Map

GPS N47.496676°,E19.050465°
Budapest is the capital city of Hungary. It is often nicknamed as “Pearl of the Danube” or “Queen of the Danube”. It lies in county Pest. It is the political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transportation center of the country. It has the most shopping centres in Europe.

The area of the city is 525.16 square kilometres (202.8 square miles). Population is around 1,700,000 inhabitants and the population density is 3,233 inhabitants per square kilometre. It is the ninth most populous city in the European Union.

The area of Budapest was firstly occupied around the year 900 by the Magyars of Central Asia, the cultural and linguistic ancestors of today's ethnic Hungarians. Budapest is administratively divided into 23 districts. Originally, there were just 10 of them when Budapest was established by the unification of the three cities in 1873, on 17 November. On the right bank of Danube there were Buda and Óbuda, on the left bank it was Pest. At the end of the WWII Budapest was partly destroyed by British and American air raids. On January 1, 1950 the city was united with several neighboring towns and the number of its districts was raised to 22. What is now known as Greater Budapest came into existence.

There are several notable islands on the Danube Hajógyári sziget (literal translation: Shipyard Island), Margitsziget (Margaret Island), Csepel sziget, Palotai-sziget, Népsziget, Háros-sziget and Molnár-sziget.

To the top tourist attractions in Budapest belong: Castle District, Gellért Hill, Chin Bridge (the oldest and grandest of Budapest's eight bridges), Budapest Parliament (the third largest Parliament in Europe), Heroes' Square, St. Stephen's Basilica (the largest Roman Catholic church in Budapest), The Opera House, Budapest Great Synagogue or Budapest Statue Park. The most famous Streets and Avenues are Andrássy Avenue, Váci Street and Danube Promenade.

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