Largo di Torre Argentina

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Largo di Torre Argentina is a square in Rome, a relatively small site, sunken about 6 to 9 metres beneath the street level of modern city. It hosts four Republican Roman temples, and the remains of Pompey's Theater. It is located in the ancient Campus Martius. The origin of the name is from Torre Argentina, taken from the name of Strasbourg, whose original name was Argentoratum.

The zone of Torre Argentina was planned to be demolished as a part of works on reconstruction of Rome. However, in 1927 the colossal head and arms of a marble statue were discovered. The archeological investigation was carried out and showed the presence of a holy area from the Republican era containing four temples and part of Pompey’s Theater.

The four temples were originally designated by the letters A, B, C and D. The area was lined by Hecatostylum (one hundred column porch) and the Baths of Agrippa to the north and by the buildings related to the Circus Flaminius to the south. The east part was created by great porched square of Porticus Minucia Frumentaria and the west by the Theater of Pompey.

Temple A was built in the 3rd century BC and it is probably the Temple of Juturna. Later it was rebuilt into a church whose apse is still present. Temple B was a circular temple of which 6 columns remained. It was built in 101 BC. Temple C is the most ancient of the three, dating back to 4th or 3rd century BC, and was probably devoted to Feronia the ancient Italic goddess of fertility. The largest of the four is Temple D. It dates back to 2nd century BC with Late Republican restorations. It was devoted to Lares Permarini, but only a small part of it has been excavated (a street covers the most of it).

There was an opera house Teatro Agrentina located here in the 18th century. The place is full of cats today. There is the Torre Argentina Cat Sanctuary. It serves as a home to around 250 cats. The sanctuary provides food, water, shelter, health care, and neutering for the homeless cats. They also provide adoption services for those seeking a family addition.
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