National Gallery of Modern Art

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The National Gallery of Modern Art (Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna) is a gallery in Rome that holds the largest collection of works by Italian painters and sculptors of the 19th and 20th centuries.

The museum was established in 1881 as a response to the ever-growing interest of the public in contemporary art. At the beginning it was housed at the Exposition Palace constructed by Pio Piacentini in 1883. It was the first exhibition held in Rome as the capital city and it subsequently turned from temporary to permanent one. The present building "Palazzo delle belle Arti" was designed by the architect Ceasare Bazzani in 1911. He built it for the big International Exposure and the Exhibition for the Silver Jubilee of the Unification of Italy was held here. The collection of art was relocated in 1915. It stands in the area known as "Valle Giulia". An additional floor was added to the building in 1934 in order to celebrate the decennial of the Fascist regime. A new enlargement started in the 1970s. The gallery has over 70 rooms today.

The gallery specializes on the paintings and sculptures of the 19th and 20th century, mostly on Italian artists. Works by artists belonging to most of the contemporary art movements are represented as well as neo-classicism, romanticism and Tuscan Macchiaoli impressionism. However, some of the leading artists are missing and others are represented only by some minor works. Notable artists are Balla, Boccioni, De Chirico, Morandi, Manzù, Burri, Capogrossi, and Fontana. Italian optical and pop art are represented together with the foreign artists by works of Degas, Cézanne, Monet, and Van Gogh. Surrealism and expressionism are well represented by Klee, Ernst, Braque, Mirò, Kandinsky, Mondrian, and Pollock. There are about 5,000 painting and sculpture works, as well as 12,000 graphical works today.
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