Luxembourg City

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Luxembourg City

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GPS N49.606928°,E6.125565°
Luxembourg City is the capital city of the Great Duchy of Luxembourg. It is a commune with city status. It lies at the heart of Western Europe, in the southern part of the country, at the confluence of Alzette and Pétrusse rivers. It is one of the wealthiest cities in the world.

The city centre occupies a picturesque site on a salient, perched high atop precipitous cliffs that drop into the narrow valleys of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers. Therefore Luxembourg City is rich in number of bridges and viaducts, to the most famous belongs Adolphe Bridge, the Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge, and the Passerelle. The city is set on several levels with hills dropping into two gorges (the highest point is 402 metres above sae level and the lowest in 230 metres above sea level). However, the total area of the city covers just 51 square kilometers. And still much of this area is covered by parks, forests areas and sites of important heritage (mostly UNESCO). Luxembourg City is subdivided into twenty-four quarters. The city's climate is characterized by mild temperatures and high precipitation.

There are around 75,000 inhabitants living in the city. In the metropolitan area (including communes Hesperange, Sandweiler, Strassen, and Walferdange) this number is higher – a bit more than 100,000. The city is not densely populated, with fewer than 1,500 inhabitants per square kilometre.

Luxembourg City is banking and administrative centre. Several institutions of European Union have their seat here – European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, the European Investment Bank and the secretariat of the European Parliament. The majority of these institutions are located in the Kirchberg quarter, in the northeast of the city.

To the most visited places in Luxembourg City belongs the neo-gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame, the Gëlle Fra war memorial close to the cathedral, the Grand Ducal Palace together with the seat of Parliament, the Neumünster Abbey, the Place d'Armes, the Adolphe Bridge and the City hall. The city is the home of the University of Luxembourg and Radio Luxembourg.

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